VARICOSE VEINS AND
OTHER VEIN PROBLEM
THE PHYSICIANS AT VASCULAR
HEALTH CENTER OFFER A WIDE
RANGE OF TREATMENTS FOR VEIN PROBLEMS.
We perform sclerotherapy, phlebectomy, and the CLOSURE PROCEDURE in the
office setting. We have a specialized suite where the procedure is
performed. The patient is allowed to go home, attended by a friend
or family member, after comfortably recovering from the procedure.
Minimal discomfort is experienced by the patient during or after the
procedure. The patient is encouraged to rest the remainder of the
day, and in most cases, is allowed to return to work in 1 or 2 days.
disease is ten times more common than is arterial disease. More
than 60% of women and 40% of men suffer form some form of vein disease.
Greater than 40% of all women will suffer from abnormal leg veins by the
time they are in their fifties.
function of veins is to return blood to the heart, whereas, arteries
carry blood from the heart to the body parts and organs. The veins
have one-way valves to prevent the blood from flowing backwards, as they
carry the blood back to the heart. If a one-way valve weakens or
is injured, the blood will begin to backflow and collect in the
dependent portion of the veins. This congests and clogs the veins,
eventually leading to enlargement of the vessel; thereby leading to
varicose veins, spider veins, and venous insufficiency. Pain and
swelling of the legs are common symptoms.
veins are often dark purple or blue in coloration, and they look like
bulging cords and can be very twisted in appearance. They are
commonly seen on the legs, typically, in the back of the calves and on
the thighs. The legs are a common site because they endure the most
pressure secondary to the force of gravity or increased body weight.
Spider veins (also known as telangiectasias) are smaller and blue
or red in color. They are close to the surface of the skin and
look like spider’s webs or small tree branch patterns. Spider
veins can be found on the face and legs. They occur on the cheeks
and nose from sun exposure, usually in a fair-skinned individual.
factors cause varicose veins and spider veins to occur in people, women
more so than men. Heredity, being born with weak vein valves, is a
significant factor. Hormones are a factor, as well, causing
weakness of the vein wall and valves. Hormonal changes occur
during puberty, pregnancy, and menopause. Taking estrogen or
progesterone supplement or birth control pills can cause women to
develop vein disease.
not only boasts increased hormone levels, but there is also an increase
in blood volume which can enlarge the veins. The enlarged uterus
also puts pressure on the veins, therefore, the veins engorge with blood
and dilate. This will weaken the vein and damage the vein valves.
age is also noted to be a factor in vein disease. Indeed, vein
problems correlate significantly with increased age, with a significant
number of people having vein disease by the time they are sixty years
leg injury, and prolonged standing, such as for long hours on the job,
are also factors leading to vein problems.
problems are progressive if not treated appropriately. They can
cause the legs and feet to swell and be painful. Leg muscles
commonly feel fatigued or heavy, and may throb and cramp at nighttime.
The skin can itch or burn. If left untreated, the leg swelling can
lead to skin injury. The skin tissue may not receive enough
nourishment and sores or skin ulcers will develop. At this stage,
it may become very difficult to heal the sores, requiring multiple
medical office or hospital visits. These sores can become
infected, a condition called cellulitis. This condition
requires aggressive antibiotic treatment and wound care.
clotting of the varicose vein may occur, leading to the condition of
deep venous thrombosis. This clot can be dangerous if it travels
from the vein to the heart and lungs, thereby blocking the heart and
lungs from functioning correctly.
OF VARICOSE VEINS AND SPIDER VEINS
Protect your skin
from the sun by wearing sunscreen.
This improves leg strenth, circulation, and vein strength.
Control you weight.
This prevents too much pressure on your legs.
Do not cross your
legs when sitting.
Try to elevate your
legs when resting.
Try not to stand for
long periods of time.
If you sit for long
periods of time, stand up and move around, take a short walk
approximately every 30 minutes.
Wear elastic support
stockings (either store bought or prescribed by your physician).
Avoid clothing that
is too tight or constricts the waist, groin, or legs.
foods in your diet. Constipation can contribute to varicose veins.
Control your salt
intake. Salt, or sodium, can cause you to retain water and swell.
IMPORTANT TO SEE YOUR FAMILY DOCTOR OR A VASCULAR SURGEON IF YOU HAVE
LEG OR VEIN PROBLEMS.
OPTIONS FOR VARICOSE VEINS AND VENOUS INSUFFICIENCY:
commonly used for spider veins and small varicose veins.
This involves injecting a solution into the vein, causing the vein walls
to stick together, thereby causing the vein to turn into scar tissue and
disappear. Patients can expect a 50% to 90% improvement.
Laser surgery – can
also be used on the skin to treat spider veins, either on the face or
the legs. Laser sends strong bursts of light onto the vein that
makes the vein slowly fade and disappear.
and stripping – the veins are tied shut and/or completely removed from
the leg by a vascular surgeon. This does not affect the
circulation, since the veins removed are superficial or damaged surface
veins. This is a invasive and sometimes painful procedure.
Closure technique –
this is a new procedure approved in March 1999. This technique is
less invasive and can be done in the doctor’s office. This involves
placing a special catheter or small tube in the vein. The catheter
sends radiofrequency energy to cause the vein wall to shrink and seal
shut. The vein then becomes scar tissue, and the healthier veins
remaining will restore normal blood flow back to the heart. The
only side effect is slight bruising. The symptoms of the varicose
veins are almost immediately relieved after the procedure.
information on varicose veins and vein disease, please visit the web